Greek and Latin Root Words, Prefixes and Suffixes
Many of the words we use come from a root words that were originated in other languages. In the English language, root words are generally derived from either Latin and Greek.
A root word is a word or part of a word which can form the basis of new words, through the addition of prefixes and suffixes. Understanding the meanings of common word roots can therefore help you work out the meanings of new words when you come across them.
Prefixes are a syllable, or group of syllables, added to the beginning of a word to alter its meaning. Prefixes help to add complexity to the English language and make it possible to create new words that are easily understood by speakers everywhere. Understanding a few prefix examples will help you to apply logic to new words and decode them appropriately.
Suffixes are a letter or group of letters added to the ending of words to change their meaning or function. suffixes change the meaning or grammatical function of a root word. For example, by adding the suffixes -er and -est to the adjective "fond," you create the comparative "fonder" and the superlative, "fondest."
This week our class will be using Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word. Students will be completing a series of mini-posters and other activities to display root words and their examples that they can use for future reference. The following link will take you to a list of some root words and their examples:
This week, students will read the short story "Harrison Bergeron" by Kurt Vonnegut, in class. Students will analyze the relationship between the characters and the theme . They will also describe how setting and symbolism determine theme in the story.
As they read, students will highlight vocabulary and information that will help them answer the text dependent questions. Students will focus on the following vocabulary words for the story:
Sentences, fragments, and run-ons:
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